ADA Concrete Ramp Requirements For Retail & Commercial Properties
Is your retail or commercial property ADA compliant?
Americans with Disability Act (ADA) has set some ground rules and regulations for the country's differently-abled citizens to ensure their easy access to any public or commercial property.
This means that every new construction in the Vacaville area is bound to comply with the ADA concrete ramp's standards to get an ADA compatible clearance. For old structures, you need to follow the ADA regulations whenever a concrete ramp repair or maintenance is scheduled.
If you are looking for a paving contractor to remodel your concrete ramps according to the ADA compliance standards, look no further. Action Asphalt is a professional in accommodating businesses and commercial property alike by providing comprehensive, turn-key solutions in compliance with the ADA.
Click here to schedule a consultation session with our certified consultants today!
Here is a thorough review of ADA compliance requirements concerning the concrete ramps of retail and commercial properties.
ADA Ramp Specifications
Following are the guidelines for building a concrete ramp:
- An inclined road constructed with a slope greater than 1:20 is considered a ramp in ADA specifications.
- The ramp, according to ADA standards, must have a minimum width of 36 inches.
- All edges should be protected to prevent anyone from slipping.
- It is required that all ramps have upper and lower landings as wide as the ramp itself and at least 60 inches in length.
- Ideally, the size of the dock will always be a minimum of 5 square feet.
- ADA requires handrails on both sides of ramps that have a rise greater than 6 inches or greater than 72 inches in length.
- Cross slopes should be less than 1:50, and surfaces should be non-slip and stable.
- Ramps should have level landings at both the bottom and top of each ramp.
ADA Ramp Handrails
- A ramp must have handrails on both sides if its horizontal projection greater than 72 inches or height is greater than 6 inches.
- However, handrails are not required on access ramps. When installing handrails on an ADA ramp, be sure to meet the following specifications:
- Handrails are a must on both sides of the segments. The inner handrail of the switches must always be continuous.
- When a railing is not straight, it should extend at least 12 inches beyond the top and bottom segment and parallel to the ground or the ground surface.
- There must be 1 1/2 inch free space between the handrail and the wall.
- The handrail should extend at least 18 inches above the top of the rail and be at least three inches deep if it is located in a corner.
- The surfaces of the handrail must be continuous without interruption or obstruction.
- The top of the handrail surface should be placed between 34 inches and 38 inches above the handrail's finished floor surface.
- The diameter of the gripping surface of a railing used in a ramp should be 1 1/4 inch to 1 1/2 inch, or the shape should provide an equivalent area.
- The handrail must be free of any sharp or abrasive element. Edges should have a minimum radius of 1/8 inch.
ADA Ramp Slope
- ADA guidelines recommend a grade ratio of 1:16 to 1:20. (A 1:12 ratio is too high for some people to navigate.) These ratios should be observed in all public places.
- Moreover, you will likely need to add a non-slip texture to avoid slipping, considering the material used to build the ramp.
- Remember that all components of a ramp must meet these requirements, even the sides of the ramp.
Let Action Asphalt align your property's concrete ramp per ADA compliance testing. Click here to hire us anywhere in Vacaville at economical rates, and be sure that your new project complies with ADA standards at all times!